It’s formally Summer time and farming operations are in full swing yielding this yr’s summer season crops. Let’s face it, whether or not it’s attending a farmers’ market or going to the grocery retailer, produce simply tastes higher within the Summer time.

To make this produce, farmers rely closely on fertilizer to exchange the vitamins that crops take away from the soil.

Fertilizers present crops with all types of vitamins that they should develop robust and wholesome, together with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. With out the addition of fertilizers, crop yields and agricultural productiveness could be considerably lowered.

The Historical past of Fertilizer

In accordance with the University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, it’s believed that using fertilizer dates again practically 8,000 years when farmers began utilizing manure to fertilize their crops.

Someday within the 18th century it turned frequent information that ground-up bones supplied crop vitamins. It

Chemical makeup of Fertilizer

 wasn’t till the 19th century that the fashionable period of soil chemistry and plant vitamin emerged. Justus von Liebig, a German chemist established the “Principle of Mineral Vitamins,” he decided that the chemical parts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are important to plant development.

Liebig’s analysis additionally led him to the conclusion that plant vitamins could possibly be depleted by crop elimination and that added fertilizer is required for optimum crop manufacturing. This led to him creating the primary nitrogen-based fertilizer, a discovery that earned him the title, “Father of the Fertilizer Business.”

Early within the 20th Century using chemical fertilizer was nonetheless restricted. It was costly as a result of restricted availability, was cumbersome to use and never a lot was recognized about how a lot to make use of on particular crops.

WWII modified every little thing. With the beginning of the struggle, there was an amazing improve in nitrogen manufacturing, a principal ingredient in explosives. According to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources “the authorities constructed 10 new crops to supply ammonia for munitions when World Battle II started, all positioned within the inside of the nation. Most had been positioned close to pure fuel pipelines so they may use the fuel as uncooked materials for nitrogen manufacturing. By the top of the struggle, the crops had been producing 730,000 tons of ammonia annually and had capability to supply 1.6 million tons.”

After WWII ended, the necessity for munitions was changed with the necessity to replenish the meals provides in Europe and the US. This era is marked by large funding and analysis on essentially the most environment friendly and efficient use of fertilizer.

Quick ahead to right now and in response to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources “Manure continues to be an vital supply of plant vitamins; nonetheless, over the past 75 years, its use has been surpassed by the large-scale manufacturing and use of chemical fertilizers. Within the mid- to late Forties, about 2 million tons of chemical fertilizers had been used per yr. By 1960, over 7 million tons had been used annually and by 2014 over 20 million tons had been used.”

Atlas Copco’s Position in Producing Chemical Fertilizer

Compressed air is utilized in virtually each step of the fertilizer making course of. In accordance with fertilizer is made by:

  1. Ammonia is made by pumping pure fuel and steam into a big vessel. Subsequent air is pumped in, and oxygen and carbon dioxide are eliminated, and ammonia is produced by introducing an electrical present.
  2. Subsequent – ammonia is commonly blended with compressed air in a tank to supply nitric acid.
  3. Nitric Acid and ammonia are then used to make ammonium nitrate.
  4. Phosphorus is created from phosphate rock which is handled with sulfuric acid and nitric acid.
  5. A few of the phosphoric acid can be reacted with ammonia in a separate tank creating ammonium phosphate, one other good fertilizer.
  6. Potassium chloride is transformed right into a extra usable type making it simpler to combine with the opposite components.
  7. Subsequent comes the blending and mixing steps. As soon as blended the fertilizer is dumped onto an compressed air powered pneumatic conveyer belt which transports it to packaging.
  8. The fertilizers are then bagged and delivered to farmers.

Not solely is compressed air utilized in making a lot of the key components of fertilizer, however additionally it is used to function air powered conveyers and gear all through the factories. Atlas Copco Gasoline and Course of’ integrally geared fuel compressors provide a dependable, environment friendly praise to the urea, ammonia or different fertilizer manufacturing course of. Our custom-engineered options will assist deal with the strain in fertilizer manufacturing.

To be taught extra about how Atlas Copco may also help, contact a fertilizer knowledgeable right now: Fertilizer – Atlas Copco USA

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